Your body makes peptides. They're strings of amino acids, which are the "building blocks" of proteins. But a peptide doesn't have as many amino acids as a protein does. The amino acids are linked by a chemical bond called a peptide bond. Your body makes peptides. They're strings of amino acids, which are the "building blocks" of proteins. But a peptide doesn't have as many amino acids as a protein does. The amino acids are linked by a chemical bond called a peptide bond. When organized in complex structures (typically consisting of 50 or more amino acids), peptides then become proteins. Your body makes peptides. They're strings of amino acids, which are the "building blocks" of proteins. But a peptide doesn't have as many amino acids as a protein does. The amino acids are linked by a chemical bond called a peptide bond. When organized in complex structures (typically consisting of 50 or more amino acids), peptides then become proteins. The following illustration demonstrates the differences between amino acids, peptides, and proteins.
Peptides have several functions in the body. They are also the basis of various medications. Peptides can engage with and activate various receptors throughout the body. This promotes the release of hormones and other messaging compounds that may influence your health, body composition, and exercise performance and recovery. The body produces a wide range of peptide hormones, which circulate in the blood and bind to receptors on targeted organs and tissues. We have utilized peptides for years. Our patches contain a variety of peptides and peptide hormones. These are mixed with penetrating molecules to enable the peptides to reach the joint. We have decided to incorporate additional peptides into our practice. As has been mentioned, peptides can have far ranging effects on various portions of the body. they can stimulate the growth and health of our mitochondria and at the same time can increase the length of our telomeres. Many peptides have to be taken by injection, while others can be administered orally, and our patches are the transdermal route. Many times, a combination of peptides will be used.
ARE PEPTIDES THE SAME AS STEROIDS??
The above illustration demonstrates some of the differences between peptides and steroids. Although they are similar there are specific differences. Peptides have far fewer side effects than hormones or steroids. You will notice that under synthesis that peptides are prodrug or prohormones. What this actually means is that the peptide has to be processed by the body to actually work.
SOME NEW PEPTIDES WE ARE INCORPORATING:
BCP-157 is a partial form of the protein known as body protection compound (BPC). BPC 157 is a synthetically produced peptide based off of the naturally occurring body protection compound (BPC) protein that was isolated from human gastric contents. This short peptide has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect. BPC is not just active in intestinal repair and healing, but appears to produce similar effects in a number of tissues. Scientific studies based on animal test subjects has shown that its healing actions are at least partially linked to growth hormone (GH) which is found in the Velvet deer antler product that our patients get. BPC-157 significantly accelerates reticulin and collagen formation as well as angiogenesis (the formation of new blood vessels) together with stimulation of macrophages and fibroblasts infiltration representing a potential therapeutic tool in wound healing management. We must realize that in Regenerative Medicine most entities, be it osteoarthritis, tendon injuries, or other soft tissue injuries, are considered “wounds”. BCP-157 has a significant role in fibroblast recruitment. Fibroblasts are the major cells responsible for the production of collagen, glycosaminoglycans, and proteoglycans. These compounds are considered the primary source of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which, in addition to providing a scaffold for cells, play key roles in determining cell type and function. At present we will use either an oral version of BCP-157or a sub-lingual one. An oral route is not a problem since in a natural state BCP-157 is found in gastric juice.
BENEFITS OF BPC 157:
ADVANCED BENEFITS OF BPC-157: (More technical but worth looking at)
THYMOSIN BETA 4
Thymosin is a hormone secreted from the thymus. Its primary function is to stimulate the production of T cells, which are an important part of the immune system. Thymosin also assists in the development of B cells to plasma cells to produce antibodies. The predominant form of thymosin, thymosin beta 4, is an actin, a cell building protein.
One of the main mechanisms of action of Thymosin Beta -4 is its regulation of Actin. This cell-building protein is an essential component of cell structure and movement which leads to its role in tissue repair. Tβ 4 has been found to play an important role in protection, regeneration, and remodeling of injured or damaged tissues. After an injury, Tβ 4 is released by platelets and numerous other types of cells to protect the most damaged cells and tissues and to reduce inflammation and microbial growth.
Benefits of Thymosin beta 4:
Recent studies have revealed that the first gene to be upregulated after an injury is a Tβ4 gene. As the body begins the recovery process, Tβ4 aids in the creation of new vessels in the injured area, which carry blood, nutrients, and reparative substances to the site. Tβ4 also has anti-inflammatory properties and works to decrease the number of inflammatory cells. We will utilize an oral version of Thymosin beta 4.
We will eventually expand our repertoire of peptides to include a number of interesting ones. Some will increase the health of our mitochondria. One such peptide is MOTS-c. MOTS-c has been shown to target the skeletal muscle and enhance glucose metabolism. As such, MOTS-c has implications in the regulation of obesity, diabetes, exercise, and longevity, representing an entirely novel mitochondrial signaling mechanism to regulate metabolism within and between cells. Remember most diseases are in some way related to mitochondrial malfunction.
HUMANIN A MITOCHONDRIAL-DERIVED PEPTIDE
HN exhibits protective effects in several cell types, including leukocytes, germ cells, neurons, tissues against cellular stress conditions and apoptosis through regulating various signaling mechanisms. Humanin is a naturally occurring micro-peptide found in mitochondria and encoded by mtDNA. It protects cells from apoptosis and may be useful in staving off heart, eye, brain, and muscle diseases. Humanin is one of a select, small class of compounds targeting mitochondrial function and thus improving cellular energy efficiency and homeostasis. HN exhibits protective effects in several cell types, including leukocytes, germ cells, neurons, tissues against cellular stress conditions and apoptosis through regulating various signaling mechanisms. Humanin is a naturally occurring micro-peptide found in mitochondria and encoded by mtDNA. It protects cells from apoptosis
Sermorelin and Ipamorelin and Other Stimulators of Growth Hormone
Another set of peptides that may be utilized will include Sermorelin and Ipamorelin. These can be used to increase the growth hormone levels in the body. growth hormone can have many far-reaching effects. These peptides can be utilized for a variety of conditions from weight loss to increasing muscle mass and helping repair and recover from injuries. Another similar peptide is CJC 1295. CJC-1295 and Ipamorelin are typically combined in therapy because they are known to work well together. We must realize that the peptides allow your pituitary gland to produce the growth hormone. When one takes actual growth hormone it will diminish the production of growth hormone by the pituitary gland. IGR1-LR3 is a breakthrough peptide that has shown great results without many of the side effects or risks of other more commonly prescribed fat loss medications. IGF-1 LR3 inhibits the movement of glucose into the body's cells which facilitates fat burning and the use of fat in the body for the production of energy. It functions differently in different types of tissues. For instance, in muscle tissue, it makes the muscle more sensitive to insulin’s effects, such as a reduction in fat storage. The good news is that these compounds allow the pituitary gland to keep functioning.
Epithalon Telomere Enhancer
Epithalon (also known as Epitalon or Epithalone) is the synthetic version of the polypeptide Epithalamin, which is naturally produced in the pineal gland. Epitalon’s primary role is to increase the natural production of telomerase, a natural enzyme that helps cells reproduce telomeres, which are the protective parts of our DNA. This allows the replication of our DNA so the body can grow new cells and rejuvenate old ones. Each cell contains DNA as an instruction manual for how to divide and grow. The DNA inside of each cell is shielded by proteins called telomeres. During cellular division, a new cell must take some telomeres from its originating cell to shield the DNA of the new cell. The telomeres shorten after every cell division because the new cell can only take a portion of the telomeres from the previous cell, else the previous cell’s DNA will become completely unprotected.
Once there are no left-over telomeres to take, the cell stops dividing. This happens after a single cell divides and grows about 64 other cells, which is known as the Hayflick limit. This limit exists because cells without shield material are more vulnerable DNA damage. If the DNA of a cell becomes damaged, the cell will follow broken instructions. If the instructions within the DNA of the cell are damaged, then the cell may not be able to eliminate itself through the process of apoptosis like it is supposed to.
As time goes on we will add more and more peptides to our armamentarium. I suspect in a few months we will update this article.
- Dr. P